English Prefix and Suffix
Examples

 

Prefixes and Suffixes

Languages are enriched by the addition of particles or syllables to the primary words. These particles are called affixes, which may be placed either before or after the primary word to modify its meaning.

A syllable added to the beginning of a word is called a Prefix. Thus we get ‘unhorse’, ‘befriend’ and ‘endear’ from the words ‘horse’, ‘friend’, and ‘dear’.

Here un-, be-, and en- are prefixes.

A syllable added to at the end of a word is called a Suffix.

Thus we get darken, childish, and treeless from the word dark, child, and tree.

Here -en, -ish, and -less are suffixes.

ENGLISH PREFIXES

1.A-
 Shore - ashoreWake - awake
 Foot - afootRise - arise
 Bed - abedJar - ajar
 Board - aboardSleep - asleep
2.Al-
 Mighty - almightyRight - alright
 Ready - already 
3.Be-
 Low - belowTimes - betimes
 Fore - beforeSide - beside
4.For-
 Bear - forbearGive - forgive
 Get - forgetBid - forbid
5.Fore-
 Cast - forecastSee - foresee
 Tell - foretell 
6.In-
 Come - incomeLay - inlay
 Land - inlandLet - inlet
 Side - insideDepth - indepth
7.Mis-
 Lead - misleadTake - mistake
 Judge - misjudgeCarry - miscarry
 Place - misplaceInterpret - misinterpret
8.Over-
 Flow - overflowCharge - overcharge
 Hear - overhearEstimate - overstimate
9.Out-
 Look - outlookWit - outwit
 Argue - outargueSide - outside
 Come - outcomeShine - outshine
10.To-
 Day - todayWard - toward
 Night - tonightMorrow - tomorrow
11.Un-
 Happy - unhappyEven - uneven
 True - untrueKind - unkind
 Easy - uneasyKnown - unknown
 Tie - untieLoad - unload
12.Under-
 sell - undersellEstimate - underestimate
 Rate - underrateScale - underscale
 Weight - underweightStand - understand
 Ground - undergroundGo - undergo
13.With-
 Draw - withdrawStand - withstand
 Hold - withholdOut - without
14.Wel-
 Come - welcomeFare - welfare
 Done - weldone 

ENGLISH SUFFIXES

1.Er, yer, ar, or-
 Go - goerPlay - player
 Law - lawyerBeg - beggar
 Counsel - counsellor 
2.Dom-
 King - kingdomMartyr - martyrdom
 Bore - boredom 
3.Hood-
 Brother - brotherhoodNeighbour - neighbourhood
 Priest - priesthoodWoman - womanhood
4.Ness-
 Great - greatnessBitter - bitterness
 Good - goddnessBold - boldness
5.Ship-
 Relation - relationshipLeader - leadership
 Friend - friendshipOwner - ownership
6.Ful-
 Sorrow - sorrowfulThough - thoughtful
 Plenty - plentifulBeauty - beautiful
7.Ish-
 Yellow - yellowishBoor - boorish
 Child - childishWoman - womanish
8.Less-
 Child - childlessFaith - faithless
 Harm - harmlessWeight - wightless
9.Some-
 Irk - irksomeQuarrel - quarrelsome
 Bother - bothersomeHand - hadsome
10.Ward-
 Back - backwardUp - upward
 For - forwardDown - downward
 Side - sidewardHome - homeward

Common Prefixes and Suffixes

PrefixMeaningExample
anti-againstantithinking, antisocial, antibiotic
arch-chiefarchbishop, arch enemy
auto-selfautobiography
counter-againstcounterattack, counterattitude
de-away fromdebar, detract
em-on, doingembark, embitter
en-doingencourage, ennoble
fore-beforeforetell, foresee, foreknow
hemi-halfhemisphere
in-, il-, im-in, intoincome, illuminate, imbibe
inter-connecting togetherintercommunication, international
mis-wrongmisbehave, misdeed
mono-onemonologue, monoacting
multi-manymultiply, multidimensional, multilanguage
non-notnonsense, nonresidence area
post-afterpostwar, postindependence
pre-beforepre-board, pre-fix
probefore, in favour ofpro-party, pro-feelings
re-againrecast, readmission
semi-halfsemicircle
sub-undersubway, submarine, substandard
super-over, beyondsuperman, superpower
tele-at a distancetelephone, television, telepathy
trans-beyond, acrosstransport, transgress
un-notunhappy, untruth
SuffixMeaningExample
-able, -ible, -ublefit for, able (to be-)eatable, edible, soluble
-ageused to make nounsbondage, vicarage
-al, -ialused to make nouns and adjectiveslegal, editorial, individual, social
-ance, -enceused to make nounsrepentance, conference, reference
-ant, -enta doerattendant, dependant, government, engagement
-domstate, powerfreedom, kingdom
-eeone who is made someone in particularemployee, invitee, addressee
-enused to form verbsharden, flatten
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